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International Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 2: (1) 15; DOI:10.26855/j.ijnr.20200015.

Risk Factors Related to Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery Site Infection
肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染相关危险因素分析

作者: 王江波*

云南省第三人民医院肝胆胰外科

*通讯作者:王江波,单位:云南省第三人民医院肝胆胰外科;

引用本文: 王江波. 肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染相关危险因素分析[J]. 国际护理学研究, 2020, 2(1) : 65-69.
Published: 2019-12-19

摘要

目的:对肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染相关危险因素进行研究,以期能够为医护人员开展工作提供些许参考。方法:本次实验选择我院2018年7月-2019年7月期间接受肝胆胰腺外科手术的患者80例,其中肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染的患者40例(甲组),没有出现手术部位感染的患者40例(乙组),通过两组患者各项指标对可能导致肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染的因素进行分析和归纳。结果:研究结果显示,肝胆胰腺外科手术类型、切口类型、患者年龄、并发症出现情况、手术时长及术中出血量对手术部位感染几率有着直接的影响,两组之间存在明显差异,具有统计学意义(p<0.05)。结论:对肝胆胰腺外科手术部位感染相关危险因素进行研究能够为医护人员开展工作提供依据,进而提高医护工作开展的针对性,减少不必要的资源浪费,实现医护工作效率及质量的大幅提升,具有一定的现实意义。

关键词: 肝胆胰腺外科;手术部位感染;威胁因素

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors related to infection at the surgical site of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas, in order to provide some reference for the work of medical staff.
Methods: In this experiment, 80 patients who underwent hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery in our hospital from July 2018 to July 2019 were selected. Among them, 40 patients (group A) were infected with hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery. No surgical site infection occurred. Forty patients (group B) were analyzed and summarized for the factors that might cause infection of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas surgical site through various indicators of the two groups of patients.
Results: The results of the study showed that the type of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, the type of incision, the age of the patient, the occurrence of complications, the length of the operation, and the amount of bleeding during the operation had a direct impact on the probability of infection at the surgical site. There were significant differences between the two groups. Significance (p <0.05).
Conclusion  : The study of risk factors related to infection at the site of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery can provide a basis for medical staff to carry out their work, thereby improving the targetedness of medical work, reducing unnecessary waste of resources, and achieving a substantial improvement in the efficiency and quality of medical work. Certain practical significance.

Key words: hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery; surgical site infection; threat factors

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